Archive for 2020

FDA Warns Hand Sanitizers May Contain 1-Propanol

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has expanded their recall of hand sanitizers and found more chemical contaminants to include 1-propanol (n-propanol cas# 71-23-8). 2-propanol (isopropanol cas# 67-63-0) and Ethanol (cas# 64-17-5) are the two most widely used active ingredients in hand sanitizers. With this latest addition to the list, the main concern for exposure […]

Not Every Matrix-Matched Calibration Is Made Equal – Case of Spinach

Matrix-matched calibrations are a popular option for complex matrices, such as food commodities. When it is employed, one can assume that the majority of matrix effects will be accounted for and there won’t be much difference between calibration standards and the tested samples. But are all matrix-matched calibrations equal? In the case of QuEChERS extraction, […]

Short Webinar on Calculating Column Length Using EZGC Flow Calculator

Determining the length of your GC capillary column is essential for accurate control of carrier gas flow rate.  Just because you purchased a 30 m column, does not mean that your column is exactly 30 meters long; in fact, columns will typically have a little extra tubing.  But ultimately, it is not the physical length […]

Derivatization techniques for free fatty acids by GC

Anyone who has tried to analyze free fatty acids by GC realizes they have to derivatize these compounds. The inherently low volatility of free fatty acids and the carboxylic acid (-COOH) interaction with the siloxanes in the stationary phase. If not addressed, the first problem leads to late-eluting peaks and the latter results in peak […]

Preserve your SRM transition windows by replacing the same amount of column you remove during maintenance

I’ve been working on a detailed PCB congener analysis using the TSQ-9000 with the AEI. Typically this analysis is done by EPA Method 1668C, which uses high resolution MS. We get some specificity from the selected reaction monitoring, but there are some shortcomings when compared to high resolution data. Where the TSQ-9000 really shines is […]

The Foundation of Separation is Preparation

Restek is known as a leader in the field of chromatographic column technology.  The idea is built into our very identity – resolution technology is at the heart of Restek.  We also believe that proper sample preparation sets chromatography up for success, though, by reducing the incidence of confounding results and prolonging the lifetime of […]

Getting Your LC Up and Running Again

Welcome Back!  You and your lab have been through a lot these last few months and now it’s time to get your LC back up and running.  After it has been down for a few months, it likely needs a little TLC before it’s performing optimally again.  Just like a car that sits around for […]

How can analyte protectants and matrix help improve peak shapes?

In my last blog, I presented a new technique called low pressure gas chromatography (LPGC, Figure 1). Just to recap, the LPGC system consists of a relatively short analytical column (10 – 15 m) with large ID and thick film (e.g. 0.53 mm and 1.0 µm, respectively) which is restricted with a narrow guard column […]

The New U.S. EPA Method TO-15A Blog Series-Part 5: Humidification

In the previous blog ( I left off with our system at or under the 20pptv limit required by the new TO-15A method after replacing and moving our air fill line. Once you’re sure of your air quality and the cleanliness of your lines the next step is filling and humidifying your canisters, and if […]

Modifying QuEChERS for complicated matrices- High Sugar & Starch Samples

In previous blog posts for this series on QuEChERS, we discussed QuECHERS dSPE Selection, Modifying QuECHERS..-Dry Samples and Modifying QuEChERS..-High Fat Samples Once again, I suggest to use the following from the official QuEChERS website (, maintained by CVUA Stuttgart, these specific documents: For Extraction (Stage 1): For dSPE Cleanup (Stage 2): References […]