Author Archive

Thermo Trace 1310 Inlet Temperature Profile vs Agilent 7890 for Split/Splitless Injectors

Several years ago, my colleague Scott Grossman wrote an excellent article entitled “It’s a Matter of Degrees, but Do Degrees Really Matter?”  He measured the temperature profile across various Agilent inlets, demonstrating different gradients in temperature exist across inlets, depending on the type of inlet and even among the same inlet type.  One consistent finding […]

Accounting for Atmospheric Pressure When Using EZGC Method Translator and Flow Calculator and the ProEZGC Chromatogram Modeler

Modern GC’s are equipped with advanced pneumatics controls, which allow for accurate control of flow rates and pressures.  In order to accurately control or calculate flow rates, atmospheric pressure must be measured by the GC, since this determines the outlet pressure of non-vacuum detectors. Restek’s free tool, the EZGC Method Translator and Flow Calculator, has […]

Optimizing Splitless Injections: Initial Oven Temperature and Solvent Polarity

Beyond optimizing the inlet parameters of temperature and splitless valve time, initial oven temperature also plays an important role for splitless injections. When a liquid sample is injected into a GC, the first goal is to vaporize the sample within the inlet and transfer it to the column. As you know, this sample volatilization and […]

Optimizing Splitless Injections: Splitless Purge Valve Time

In my previous blog, I discussed optimizing inlet temperature for splitless injections.  Today I would like to discuss another critical parameter for splitless injections: splitless purge valve time.  The key feature of a splitless injection is that all the carrier gas flow is directed to the column and the splitless valve is closed during injection.  […]

Optimizing Splitless Injections: Inlet Temperature

One of the key parameters that requires optimization for splitless injections is inlet temperature.  With liquid injections, the analyst is relying on the volatilization of the sample upon introduction into the inlet.  The analytes can then be efficiently transferred to the column in a vapor state, where they are refocused, prior to beginning the chromatographic […]

Optimizing Splitless Injections: Introduction

Split and splitless are the two most common modes of injection for GC.  Each has its own set of pros and cons, with the required method sensitivity vs the sample concentration ultimately dictating which one to use.  For trace level analyses, a splitless injection is often the best choice, as the goal is to recover […]

Does the Amount of Wool in Prepacked Liners Matter?-Part II: Results

In Part I of this series, I posed the question of the impact of the amount of wool on liner performance.  As a reminder, this study specifically examines Topaz liners that are prepacked with wool and then deactivated. With your own hand-packed liners these results will not apply. The first criteria I wanted to examine […]

Does the Amount of Wool in Prepacked Liners Matter?-Part I: Experimental Setup

If you’ve followed my previous blogs on GC liner selection, you will know that the wool in inlet liners plays an important role for both split and splitless injections (GC Inlet Liner Selection, Part I: Splitless Liner Selection and GC Inlet Liner Selection, Part II: Split Liners).  Just to review, wool can enhance vaporization, promote […]

GC Inlet Liner Selection, Part IV: Liner Volume and Diameter

In parts I and II of this blog series I discussed the various liner configurations available for both split and splitless analyses.  One thing I did not mention was liner volume and inner diameter.  Most of the liners I compared are available in multiple inner diameters.  For the comparisons I did, I used a 4 […]

GC Inlet Liner Selection, Part III: Inertness

The inlet liner is the first surface analytes will interact with after introduction into a GC.  It is critical that liners are deactivated, as a number of adverse interactions can occur between analytes and the glass surface.  Deactivations typically involve some type of silanization of the surface to cover active sites inherent in glass, such […]